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Understanding Music Theory in One Hour – Animated Music Lesson

Understand the underlying concepts covering music theory today! After this one hour course, you will understand the musical alphabet, chords, intervals, inversions, melodies, scales, modulation, borrowing, modes, and more!

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1,025 Thoughts to “Understanding Music Theory in One Hour – Animated Music Lesson”

  1. Peter M. Adamson

    Congratulations. I am a Qualified Music Teacher in the Uk and am very concerned about many so called Music teachers online who just set themselves up without the correct musical knowledge and/or qualification. You have impressed me with your approach and teaching.
    Congratulations. I would love to see youtube offering a kind of approval system so beginners can visit approved sites. You would certainly be given the teaching mark if I was on the panel. All I need now is for you to tell me you are not qualified(LOL)
    Either way, your knowledge is very good.

    1. Emmanuel Lopez

      Yeah, but in order to keep consistency and to transpose notes, and to do a whole host of other things, we created the 12 note system. And Perfect 4th would be an inversion of a 5th which does belong in the harmonic series. (Sorry, it will get mathy from here: so in Cmaj G=2^(7/12)*C (in terms of frequencies)<--that is logarithmic scaling this rounds to 3/2, where it actually is derived from. A more basic approach starting from C4: C5=2xC4 C6=4xC4 G5=3xC4 The interval from G5 to C6 is a Forth (4/3 ratio). In fact you can get all the intervals from just looking at the spectrogram, in essence there's music in every single sound you hear!

    2. Emmanuel Lopez

      + Peter M. Adamson
      Something tells me you’re one of those people who doesn’t consider rap or real music, because it’s made without any theoretical underpinning…

    3. Not Sure

      Qualified music teacher? You’re an idiot.
      The teacher is picked by the student, it doesn’t matter what the master knows. It only matters how well they can teach the basics, because the student must never imitate the teacher.

      The internet doesn’t need anymore bureaucracy, and youtube isn’t a “qualified music teacher” so how can they give their approval? Obviously, you were taking yourself too seriously. What would an “approved site” be? You do realize how petty this sounds?

  2. Johnundefined Lovell

    What is the name of the song at the beginning of this video ?

  3. Ricardo Castillo

    I am the opposite of most of the comments here. As a guitar player, I don’t know how I’d get by without at least a decent understanding of these concepts. I’d be paralyzed. Even playing by ear, I don’t know how I’d ever figure out how “adult chords” work, on my own. I’d still just be playing simple power chords and triads or stumbling across stuff that sounds good by accident. And I’d still mostly be working in just pentatonic and blues scales. This stuff is great and should never be feared or scorned, only embraced.

  4. Jessica Thomas

    I attended a performing arts school and was in the music magnet. They had me taking music theory 8th grade – 12th grade and I never truly understood the class until I saw this video.Wish I had this back then. Thanks for this video!

  5. Rafal Tajne

    Boring, slow and not fun.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Wasn’t meant to be. My channel is about real education. It is up to you to make it fun in the practice room.

  6. colocolopity

    Hi, I tried to learn the name of the intro guitar piece, but can’t find it in the description, or the comments. Can anyone name that tune? Thanks.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher
  7. DeathRocket4990

    I’m more used to flats than sharps

  8. Jose Morales

    Thank you…!
    I’m getting the book will love it and in part to contribute for taking your time and well done teaching…

  9. A Banana 2

    Ive been playing bass over 2 years. Never considered learning theory but its really helpfull. Some of this i know through knowing the instrument and instinct, but i needed this, thank you

  10. Blaize Dorman

    Idk why I’m watching this, I already know this stuff, I must be high or some thing because this is to satisfying to watch

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Incredibly appreciated 😎

  11. mr kitty

    really don’t get it I have a music test and I don’t not what to do /;

  12. tsunaiyoshi10th

    THIs gUy SOunds like a HOOt at Parties.

    1. A Banana 2

      +Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher
      Youre the man

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +tsunaiyoshi10th Ultra boring response incoming. I am actually a pretty big drag at parties. I prefer jamming out in the evening, reading about history/economics, and chilling with my wife.

    3. tsunaiyoshi10th

      Dont say “All ot the above” or anything warm and cozy like that. Itll bore me to sad face

    4. tsunaiyoshi10th

      +Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher
      Is it the morning thats regretful? Or is it the ending of the night? The night itself? Or is the morning personified? As in the morning itself regrets the fact that it ended the night. Or regrets that it rose in hopes of joining the festivities, but alas, you are all sound asleep, soon to wake and pollute the morning air with you smoky beer breath and horrible posture in brunch dining rooms?

    5. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Keg stands, dominant chords and regretful mornings…

  13. Wales

    I suggest watching the video in 1.25x speed, or even 1.5 if you can understand fast enough.

  14. angelo mari santos

    Why is it called major, minor, and perfect?

  15. Dog

    Mate guess who’s passing their music GCSE lmao

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Get it!😎

  16. Gaurav Yadav

    This theory is also valid for guitar right?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yes. I am currently making a guitar edition too!

  17. Fox Hawk

    Get a pop filter

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Good call

  18. Lightning theBeast

    Watched upto 22:15

    1. Lightning theBeast

      Now 50:00

  19. guloguloguy

    IMHO: The vocal (human voice) NEEDS to BE LOUDER, so that it can be heard!!!…. (It’s recorded at too low of a level!!!)…

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Agreed. This was one of my first videos.

  20. Bob Miller

    I had hopes that this would help me understand music theory but, to the contrary, it has completely turned me off to the whole subject. I appreciate the instructor talked slowly unlike some instructors who talk so fast that they forget that the whole point is to teach someone. But when all the charts came up and this guy kept saying how simple and easy everything was, I felt like an idiot. I became completely lost and I found my brain going numb. There are some specific things I didn’t care for too and that is that he uses some terms without defining them. If I understood those terms, I would understand music theory and wouldn’t need this video.

    It’s just too much. Oh well! So much for music theory. The problem is, as I said, that this video left me with a very negative feeling about the whole subject and I’m not likely to approach it again.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Sorry you felt like an idiot, but that comes from you not me. Expecting to understand a subject without expending mental energy is exactly how you go about learning nothing for a lifetime. Try again, and understand that I say it is simple to encourage you. But don’t be so arrogant as to assume you won’t have to think or work!

  21. Aaditya

    Does this video cover everything in music theory?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +Aaditya I am!

    2. Aaditya

      are you planning to do a video on advanced music theory?

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      All the basics, but I doubt any video covers everything.

  22. uk7769

    Jeez what’s with the comments. It doesn’t get any simpler than this video when it comes to explaining music theory. I’m imagining these people are simply not paying attention, watching three videos, playing a video game, texting three friends, putting on makeup, and posting on facebook twitter and instagram… then complain, I don’t get it. Waah. Perhaps they are not really interested in learning about music fundamentals.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are a free man😎

  23. Tom Morris

    wheres the boobs? This really needs boobs every couple minutes. I’m losing focus. great content but alittle boring. boobs make everything better.

  24. Ivan Gushkov

    50 seconds in and I am completely lost. Always wanted to learn how music works, because I really love music but it never made sense to me. Still doesn´t I guess 😛

  25. Rob Harris

    HI Ross, great vids mate, do you think learning notations is a must? your thoughts please

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +Rob Harris

    2. Rob Harris

      Thanks Ross, I used to know it many years ago. I`m just getting my head around again. seems easier second time around cheers. I s the video on youtube?

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I think learning to read music is one of the best things you can do for yourself. I consider it a must. I also have a 2hr video on it.

  26. Asem Alsuty

    Something i dont understand about music how can you change letters of words to make a backgroud of a song

    1. Asem Alsuty

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher there is 28 letter and only 7 do re me and if you translate words to music will no use scales of course

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      The letters represent frequencies, which in turn can represent a ratio with the other letters.

  27. Lonn Hoffman

    Very good, thank you

  28. Evan Little

    this video is awesome! thank you so much!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are welcome

  29. PicMus

    It starts really easy but I got confused on minute 4 already… I do know how to play basic chords and even compose music and I think that a video lesson teaching theory without showing a piano/guitar at the same time, so I can follow in practice, it would be way more helpful. I just can’t find a good video with this made simple and practical… It’s easier to follow articles and books than this video…

    1. PicMus

      Thanks for the recommendation!

    2. Alotta Fagina

      Try Ben Levin’s series “Music Theory From The Ground Up” here on YouTube.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I will be doing a guitar version soon.

  30. HaikatrineKat

    Your voice is pianissimo and that piano is like forte fortissimo and I can’t.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yeah I didn’t understand how to do video when I made this.

  31. King Brown

    Great info thanks for the video it helps a lot.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are welcome!

  32. Narsh Henckel.

    Thank you, very helpful.

  33. RedDead wolf

    Love the video I am actually finishing a manuscript that’s basically a instructional teach your self music theory/guitar book In 3 volumes I found you left a little bit of information out but over all supurbe especially on attention to detail my personal favorite is the correlation of c.a.g.e.d and 3nps system from a chosen tonic key of a Diatonic scale 7 we not only get 7 scale degrees and intervoles say key of (C) cdefgab scale degree 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 modes in appearance Iolian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, mixolydian, Aeolian lastely locrian but also 7 chord shapes 3 major 3minor and a diminished also 3 penatonic per major minor chord shapes arpeggios the onion effect layering over top each scale degree all laying on top your chosen (key) of choice!

  34. Tyson Harris

    I just found this today. I love the presentation. The segment on modes was quite helpful. (as was everything else actually)

  35. Joey Mantka

    I Love Music 100%.. but music theory is 100% BORING!!!!

  36. autorefresher1

    Great video but the talking volume abit low and could be faster though.

  37. Joerotorhead

    Quantum mechanics along with the study of dark matter and string theory is easier to understand than all this insanity…..seriously.

    1. BlazingQuotient

      Music and quantum mechanics both take a lot of time practicing theories and memorizing formulas, don’t worry you’ll get the hang of it!

    2. Bob Miller

      Well said! I completely agree.

  38. Simão Bessa

    How is C to Db a minor second?

    1. ü ü

      Simão Bessa exactly! This got me very stuck I hope he answeres to your comment

  39. Klothomon

    Thank you! I really want to get into music but im struggling with where to start

  40. Timothy Ryan Fisher

    I’ll check it again, I’m still looking for a good theory for beginners videos.

  41. James

    Hi there,

    This is a great video 🙂 I apologise if this has been asked before but I just wanted to clarify at 29:58 for the IV triad in A major, you say that there’s no room hence you cycle back round and take the A note at the first degree since there’s no room – does that mean we’re taking the A from the same octave? And we are ignoring the A from the next octave? Thanks!

  42. Timothy Ryan Fisher

    Key of F with #s? It’s a Bb? I was going to send this to a student but not now. This will just confuse him.

    1. Timothy Ryan Fisher

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher , I probably should have watched it entirely before commenting. I had a feeling there was a reason. I never had a problem with theory, went to Berklee College of Music and got a 4.0 with out really studying. Most people just don’t get it but having people like you can be a valuable resource. Thanks for posting I will watch your video again.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I have had so many students ask Why a # vs a b? So I used that section to explore the reason behind it. Keep watching past that part and you will see why I did it that way.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      If you keep watching, l switch it to flats and explain why.

  43. Scott Weakley

    Excellent overview and well organized tutorial. I was confused by music theory before, but you have made much of it understandable without superfluous information. Clear and straight to the point. Wish more videos were as concise as yours.

  44. Phillip Otey

    I love how music theory is still racist excluding the black keys in its counting.

  45. Gianna's Corner

    Would just like to give a huge thank you. I dream of being a music teacher and knew some basic theory but my schedule will only allow AP Music Theory this year without taking normal Music Theory. Your video taught me so much and I am also getting theory lessons from my piano teacher. Thank you!

  46. Trini Sparks

    Music gcse here I go

  47. peruvianlawyalT3107

    I am a total amateur and have no basic knowledge in music and i totally understand this . Thank you for keeping it simple. You the real MVP

  48. D.O.M 777

    Awesome video.

  49. The Caticorn

    i have just started. and i am excited

  50. Osher Ezra

    Just WOW best explanation on youtube thanks a lot keep it up

  51. Jack Jack

    6:41 That’s not right. A minor is built off the sixth degree of the relative major, not the pattern you claim. I don’t know where you got that from. Those aren’t even proper tetrachords.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are a goofball.

    2. Jack Jack

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher If there was only one type of minor. But there’s three variations, with different adjustments to the sixth and seventh degrees. That’s why the minor is derived from the major, then modified.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Jack Jack count your whole and half steps from the sixth scale degree and observe that it is the same pattern I outlined.

    4. Jack Jack

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher No, the minor scale is built from the major. It starts from the major’s sixth degree, and adjusts the sixth and seventh degrees accordingly, depending on which minor scale. Don’t tell me to get an education, I know what I’m talking about.

    5. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      The pattern is correct and can be found in the first chapter of any rudimentary theory book. You need some education young man.

  52. Fox Donze

    This is extremely helpful. One step at a time and very clearly explained. Thank you for the time you put into making this

  53. “bald” Donald Cerrone


  54. WeirdWorld

    why learn this though

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Because it makes you a better musician.

  55. Big Boy

    3 min in and you lost me at octave :/

  56. Bia MB

    hi,i can’t afford music lessons,but i reeeeeeally love playing guitar and singing,thank you so so so much for this <3

  57. jon A

    Sorry lost me around the 13/14th minute, during the interval bit. Then I lost interest. Happens every time I try and grasp music theory, you may as well have been talking in Dutch about some extremely boring letters…Im English by the way…

  58. Industrial Alliance

    2:16 Bookmark.

  59. Cyrus van der Kroon

    34:53 minor scale chords are the same as counting from the sixth minor from the major scale and call that your 1 chord.

  60. Happy Natsu

    31:57 That was beautiful. MIND=BLOWN

  61. Sniffle

    This is everything i’ve been looking for! Thanks so much!

  62. David Garabito

    God this is so boring-

    1. David Garabito

      Logbia7k that may be true. But I found Jaime Altozano’s Channel and he explains it very quick and he keeps it fun. Would recommend but he’s spanish.

    2. Logbia7k

      Yup because this is a very theoretical video. It’s not in any way presenting this information in clear and interesting language.

  63. Whitaker's World

    Best music lesson I ever had!!

  64. FireWITfire op

    Thought i could get around this few years back..but now i feel the need for some theory so my knowledge and skill can increase

  65. Leo Misha

    In the “Invertions” Part of the video. It wasn’t explained completely why we use those numbers, or I should say those abbreviations. If I didn’t go to another video that explains, not “in depth” but the complete information, I would’ve never catched what you said. I guess this video is more for taking a review than for learning for the first time. In that case it’s ok. Good video anyway. Just be careful, a Remake could be excellent.

  66. ruddthree

    I think I finally managed to de-program the trumpet’s scale system out of me.

  67. Viel Gwapa

    Do i have a chance to learn theory im 33 yr old and im a beginner… please help me

    1. Viel Gwapa

      Logbia7k thank u so much… i always dream to be a pro guitarist…

    2. Logbia7k

      You are never to old to learn.

  68. Joy Credo

    May I know if there’s a channel like this on a piano lesson too?

  69. Drake Josh

    Im from a different country so english isn’t my prime language. Even though I am pretty good with english, all this terms are super hard for me to understand, I have to go and wikipedia every single term xD

  70. Prince 007

    Is this also applicable for guitar?

    1. Carmelo Albanese

      Prince daniel Symon yes

  71. Neil McArthur

    Honestly man I’m in my own intro to music theory class at my university and I’m just failing it so hard. And nothing in this video makes ANY sense to me. I don’t want to fail, but I don’t know why I can’t understand any of this. the sounds all sound right but I just don’t get how to apply any of this to a sheet of paper. Is there any easier of a lesson for this material?

  72. Misaki Leto

    Thank you so so so much, i thoght i would never learn music theory in my life! This helped so so muchh. Love from Brasil

  73. Sam Is Alive

    i can’t thank you enough for this. i might not be a good music artist soon enough, but this helped me a lot to make a few decent tracks. you’re the best music teacher ever.

  74. Cameron Ronan Welsh Beast

    So is a natural minor scale just ascending chromatically

  75. iivo

    Good video but definetely not for beginners.

  76. Ricky Jared Rankin

    After watching a little bit of this I’m not sure if anything I’ve made on my channel so far actually classifies as music. I don’t understand yet i just make what I feel.

  77. K Paul

    Understanding *plug* Music *plug* Theory *plug* in *plug* One *plug* Hour

  78. SomeGuy

    I’ve tried to learn music theory so many times, but I think I’m just too lazy. I taught myself how to play the piano but mostly by ear…
    I guess I need to try harder to focus on the theory.

    1. Logbia7k

      I guess by ear is just fine as long as you know how each interval sound. All the rest, you don’t really need to make music.

  79. bilboswaggins76

    This video is amazing. I literally went on youtube thinking “I want to find a comprehensive video about music theory” and what do you know… this video popped up in my recommended videos. This video makes everything so much less intimidating, thank you so much for putting in the work for this.

  80. Ashish Yadav

    Thank you so much for this.

  81. Thomas Sankara

    So is the tritone in C maj C and F# or F and B, cause you said both?

  82. Melo Keyz

    At 17:48, you were wrong about C to Db is a “m2”. We agreed that D is common to both the major and minor scales and is called a “M2”. Why Db is a m2 in the chromatic scale?

    1. Jenderbo

      The interval between C and Db is always a m2 because they are a halfstep apart

  83. Octavio Rodriguez-Ortiz

    Why is there so much hate for Music Theory? I cannot wrap my head around it. 99.9% of “musicians” I meet in San Diego talk of Music Theory as if it is a Moon Made of Cheese Conspiracy or something. Regarding the way you explained Music Theory, someone would have to not want to learn Theory in order to watch this video explanation and not come out with the basic tools they need to get around their instrument. I am going to share this…hopefully, I can get through to some people, with your help. Again, awesome video explanation.



  85. Hapi

    Highly recommend putting the speed at 1.25x

  86. thescarab

    ruvdslknl pz pucpujpisl av aol pnuvyhujl vm obthu jvuzaybja. Julius CAESAR died the way that the barrier of freedom will. Not the freedom of our physical person’s, but of our mind’s enigma. AhhhdllkSjkodkhnSjkfjhsAjfksmbfokNohdhfkpeuAodngnkkxoTkdjxkIkdjneOksjfiN. CAPITAL OF HUMANITY.

  87. Neoshenlong Archivo 2008 - 2011

    Well, I wasn’t doing anything this morning anyways, might as well do something useful.

  88. Obaidullah Ahmad

    Am I too deep
    Have I lost my mind
    I don’t care your here tonight
    Said the legend 😉😂😂😂😁

  89. Ananda Mañana

    This is: The Good Shit.
    Thank you for putting this together. I will be checking out your site.

  90. Danneo

    Timestamp 😀
    Introduction and Musical Distance 0:25
    Scales 3:13
    Scale Degrees (Harmonic Minor, Melodic Minor 7:38
    Interval 11:36
    Melody and Transposition 22:10
    Major and Minor Chords 25:49
    Chord Progression 28:49
    Roman Numerals and Chord Transposition 32:27
    The Tritone 35:22
    Other Types of Chords and Their Function 40:14
    Inverting Interval 48:40
    Inverting Chord 53:33
    Circle of Fifths 56:22
    Modulation and Borrowing 1:03:11
    Modes 1:08:53

  91. Karl Vasquez

    my brain cannot handle from 8:00 and up

  92. Noor Shahin

    What the hell is a diminished third?????????

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Noor Shahin C to Ebb would be an example.

  93. Valkarez

    holy fuck 1.5x speed is your friend

  94. Amazing Decafe

    Welp, I’m lost…

  95. Nick Blanchard

    I was in the band at my school for three years and I didn’t learn nearly as much theory as I did in the past 90 minutes

  96. Krystian Stanek

    Thank you Sir, this is huge.

  97. Slevin Hyde

    ok so just by looking at the comments :
    I’ll put a shortcut to that video on my desktop.

  98. Mark Lilly

    The problem with this video is that it starts in the middle of the subject, explaining how scales and chords work. I want to start at the beginning: what is a scale; in fact, what is a note?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +J Guy excellent comment!!

    2. J Guy

      Notes are audible frequency waves (sine waves) that compress and retract through the medium of air. Each pitch (note) has a specific frequency that it vibrates (compresses and retracts) at, giving it its distinct note value that we hear. For example, the note A4 vibrates at a frequency of 440Hz, while it’s next octave A5, vibrates at twice the rate (880Hz). It’s nothing more than air that vibrates and propagates to our ears as a pitch.

      A scale is a series of notes within the chromatic scale. The chromatic scale was already explained in this video, and includes a series of 12 pitches, until it reaches its next octave. The chromatic scale sounds audibly like walking up or down a staircase, and is a series of half steps. To produce a scale from within the chromatic scale, such as the major scale, you would simply pick out notes of the chromatic scale, using the major scale formula, which was also discussed in this video (WWhWWWh).

      Music theory is a subject full of memorization of concepts. It’s not easy at first, but the overall concept is easy once you have gone through the painful process of memorizing and understating them. Think of it the same way with speech, reading, or language in your native tongue. When you first started going to school you could speak at rudimentary levels, but could not read or write. You gradually moved up the grades, without even thinking about it, but you got better and better at each, until you became fluent at them. Now you don’t even think about the processes to read or write anymore, because they just come naturally. Music theory is the same way. Exposure equals mastery.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Check out the free mobile version of it for that info! http://www.musictheoryinonelesson.com

  99. Rana something

    From C to D, Why is it called M2 and not P2

  100. CobolScript

    You did not explain what a whole step and half step is..so the rest of video absolutely makes no sense. So this video should be called understand music theory if you have learned some music theory . For those that were confused. The half step is the distance from one pitch to the next possible pitch. A whole step is defined as two half steps.

    1. Josh A Beatz

      Half step is literally the next note. Whole step is every other note. It’s for almost all notes but not for Bs I think

  101. Emiliano Felix

    1:04:20 ‘the tritone in the g major scale is f# and C’ // I have a piano right besides me and when i followed along, it seems the tritone in the g major scale is g and c#, so i got a bit confused…

    1. Emiliano Felix

      isnt c and f# the tritone of c major?

  102. Jakob Holt

    Thanks for these videos. I’ll be returning often since I want to learn hope to produce music, so I figured it’s time to stop dicking around and look up a video to actually understand why stuff sounds good.

    Definitely will be pouring over the other essentials videos.

  103. Deanna Glaza

    This is like learning math… What?? LoL I want to learn this so badly, but it’s so over my head.

  104. spookyjosh

    lowering the higher note of a major interval by a halfstep makes it minor.. but what about those who are the same in both scales? Isn’t it necessary to know the scales in order to know IF to make this extra (half) step or not?

  105. Julianna Saval

    I love music… I hate theory. 😅😅😅

  106. i am not theresa

    I have never in my life held an instrument, but this makes sense to me:)) You are very good at explaining it for beginners, so thanks! Can’t wait to start playing soon!

  107. Dracula Kitty

    do u have narcolepsy dude?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Dracula Kitty nope

  108. Just Clickin

    So we can play songs…? Theory is just waste of time, and the reason people give up on learning the practical side of an instrument

    1. Logan Young

      You don’t need theory to play. You need theory to write and understand. If someone loves their instrument they’ll dive deeper than just tabs into theory.

  109. Wolf Lahti

    The repetitive advertising is just annoying and makes it far *less* likely I would purchase the book.

  110. Dr. Florence

    I think there is a lot of good information in here, but a big disclaimer: Grasping a good bunch of music theory in a 1 hour session is not possible. If you’re completely new, I wouldn’t be surprised if it takes you days/weeks to understand a third of the video, and that’s ok. It takes time, and while this is surely one of the better videos on this topic out there, a single video is far from the best way to learn music theory.

  111. CatieRose

    im a little bit lost, so can you apply the patterns to any scale? like for example using the Major pattern on a C scale?

  112. riki rex

    No..that is not the way..That is exactly one of those way that kept me away from understandig music for a long time.
    Unfortunally degree doesn’t make a teacher..but it can name a scale mode.Reveal the secretof the 2 rules of western music before any thing else,that should be on the first lesson.

  113. Kronk EL Kuzco

    Yeah… 16 minutes in and I believe I got lost at the explaining of a “major”. I guess instead of just accepting why it’s that way I wondered why? Why not just a perfect A-A?

  114. Keith Maynard

    Awesome explanations.
    I have one concern in the section on borrowing (1:04:15) I understand the F#-C tritone resolving to G-B BUT where does the A resolve? Let’s say that could go up to double B or down to double G, where does the F come from in the G 4/3 chord?
    Is it possible that the resolution of the F#-C tritone is delayed to F-B which is then resolved to the vi 6/4?

  115. MuttonChops24

    Being a complete beginner i followed along well until you started adding the roman numerals and pulling minor chords out of a major scale. From then on i was totally lost.

  116. Liquid Anthrax

    I should really be doing my homework right now

  117. Zoë Z

    to any budding musicians – pls don’t think u have to know all of this to be a skilled musician – i work with lots of different musicians and knowledge of theory varies hugely and doesn’t always correlate to skill. its easy to get put off music when it seems this complicated but there are a million ways to learn about music and this is just one

    1. generic goose

      you could probably reinvent the wheel of music if you devote your entire life to it and become an epic musician, but you could instead just read a book or take classes

      i started reading a book 4 days ago just one chapter a day and i already understand infinitely more than i could figure out in years of trying and listening

    2. Kyle Kwartel

      That’s true, I’ve seen people become skilled musicians with very little knowledge of music theory, but you’ll never become a world renowned musician without it. The theory is just as, or even more important than playing, you should always study first, and play second, that’s if you’re going to school for music, if not then do what you’d like, but understanding what you’re playing is essential. You’ll make much more progress if you know what you’re playing.

    3. Raj Chopra

      generic goose exactly 🤷

    4. generic goose

      or you could just read a book that has all of that already figured out in a month

    5. The Man In The Void

      Raj Chopra the way I’ve done it for years now is to just play around and experiment with what sounds good and what doesn’t.

  118. Vanguard


    1. Logan Young

      You can add as many sharps or flats to a note as you want. It just moves it up or down a semi tone. C## is D, C### is D#, C#### is E, etc. People don’t actually use those unless they’re writing orchestral or jazz music though. It’s impractical.

  119. Golden

    56:38 you forgot to add Eb to the Circle of Fifths

  120. Vorteks78

    Thanks for making this video, it should help me get better at making music (a lot of people have told me to learn music theory because it will help me get better). And even though I’m most likely not going to be famous someday I would still like to learn music theory and make my favorite genres!

  121. Osbaldo Padilla

    40:13 others chords

  122. Osbaldo Padilla

    Tritone 35:35

  123. Krygs .T

    Pretty much a long shot, but ehh so be it. The tritone system between the aug and/dim has me super confused when you show it with chords. When you spoke about aug/dim in the triad section 35:30 you said that if you went a half-step up from the perfect 4th you would get augmented (P4-A4) and going down half a step from perfect 5th would give you diminished. Later on you diminish a chord lowering the major 3th and perfect 5th half a step. And adding half a step to a perfect 5th to make a augmented. Is the Aug/Dim different between chords and tritones?

  124. semiLivedj FICTION

    Nickleback uses theory!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      semiLivedj FICTION people like you are doomed to lose in life. Remember I told you that when you realize it.

  125. anonymous Somedude

    This dude scares the shit outta me

    1. anonymous Somedude

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher lol hey there 👋🏻

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      anonymous Somedude Boo. 😆

  126. ed

    It is a well known fact that the max. Time a person can cocentrate on a lecture is 20 minutes.

  127. special Steven

    I hardly understand anything here… I’m just lost

  128. Dzeljana Pusiga

    Cheers for the Video! Sorry for butting in, I would appreciate your thoughts. Have you researched – Riddleagan Blossoming Solo Remedy (probably on Google)? It is a great one off product for mastering guitar scales without the headache. Ive heard some extraordinary things about it and my friend after many years got excellent results with it.

  129. Conman 1016

    Take a shot every time he says something is easy

    1. J Guy

      Conman 1016
      It actually is an easy concept once you grasp it. The hard part is the process of learning it and retaining it. During that time it can sound confusing and convoluted. But once you understand and grasp the entire concept, you realize that the only thing that was hard, was the memorization.

    2. Lightning theBeast

      +Conman 1016 what about getting shot XD ¿

    3. Conman 1016

      God Dawg I don’t want to die!!

    4. God Dawg

      Conman 1016 take a shot everytime he says C D E F G A B or major and minor and chord.

  130. Randy120

    Excellent lesson Ross! Thank you.

  131. upplsuckimcool16

    After understanding the WWHWWWHW thing, and trying to think of how I could apply it to the guitar, I’m almost positive it would muddle the progress I’ve made so far and set me back……. I want to understand it, but i’m not sure trying to apply it to a guitar is the easiest thing someone could do. Unless ur some kind of genius that can calculate massive data while playing…

    1. Logan Young

      Watch youtubers that are geared towards teaching theory specifically around the guitar. Paul Davids, YourGuitarSage are both good. They both have beginner programs I think.

  132. Matt Graham

    thank you that was awesome!!

  133. mitch rawles

    Thank you-just starting guitar-need all the help I can get.

  134. Sugar Starr

    Everybody add how far you got before you zoned out. I got to 40:12. I’m not saying its bad at all. I’m just giving my own attention span.

  135. - -

    wait im new here but, you said a diminished is basically decreasing the (note?) twice, right? basically a double flat? but at 21:40, we only lowered it once so it’s just a Gb and not a Gbb so isn’t it technically a minor…? forgive me, i’m just new and a bit confused!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Not double flatting a note, but flatting the 3d and the 5th of a major triad. 🙂

  136. hans

    My favorite scale is the C#######m

    1. Emiliano Felix

      so g minor?

  137. Krissy

    This is a really well laid out tutorial, thank you so much for offering it. Minor constructive concern; you need to go back and edit your volume. I had to turn my volume up in the beginning of the video because I couldn’t hear you, and then after some notes played, I had trouble hearing you again, but hesitated to turn it up again because the notes were plenty loud.

  138. Matthew Paul

    is your book available on amazon?

  139. dd ff

    Also your voice is way too monotonous. How do you expect to keep your audiences attention, if your voice is lulling them asleep while you’re trying to teach?

  140. dd ff

    There’s so many videos teaching musical theory out there, and you lost me after 5 minutes (and that was with me initially being pretty hyped and focused to learn). I felt like the music was getting drained out of me, rather than musical theory being “downloaded into my awesome brain”. You need meaning in your video, to catch all the people that (based on the comments) has so clearly fallen off this video as well. E.g “Why should we learn this, and how can we incorporate it into our music?”

    Just cramping musical theory together after each other, with no meaning or explanation to use or anything of the sort, was a really big disappointment to see. You might as well just have copy pasted any musical theory book, and read out aloud.

    I really hope your book is more captivating than your video, because I still feel the video sucked the soul right out of me.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Also, feel free to go to the other videos as well.😎

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Also, trust me, this is not similar to”just any music theory book.” Buy the others and find out!

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I don’t feel like I have to convince you why you should learn this. Also, you don’t just download a complex subject into your awesome brain. It takes time, and struggle, to master. Best of luck! 😎

  141. cco10399

    Many thx to the producer of this lesson. Very educational and very informative. 🙂


    White background is blinding me


      I can’t find them due to Opoids

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Wear some shades😎

  143. Mitch Tomerotti

    This video is so so so good! Thank you so much for it! I’ve been trying to study music theory for years but always gave up because I felt stupid after seeing how complex and difficult it was. But actually, it’s not that difficult! And these lessons made it so easy to understand even though english is not my 1st language that I finished it in one week studying a little bit every day. Now I have some kind of foundation to learn more and more. Again, thank you very much! I’m gonna pass it on to everyone I see wanting to learn music.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome! I am glad to help. 🙂

  144. ReneDi guitarSwe

    Very good lesson, Thank you for this,+1 sub for you Rene Di Sweden

  145. Akosah Music

    You are a good Teacher, thank you

  146. ULTIMATE DRAGON with dimitri hayes


  147. Merunas Grincalaitis

    thanks for this amazing tutorial. It’s quite a challenge to see the entire video but I did and I understood most of the content which I believe will help me later on when producing and creating melodies and chord progressions

  148. 27scole

    You remember it better that it’s 1 step (halfstep) twice, the first time 1 sooner than the 2nd.


    A# and Bb are two different notes that are the dame tone! Like the words meat and meet are two different words that sound the same. Usage in a , chord, scale , or sentence tells you which one. A sharp raises a note a semitone, a flat lowers a note a semitone. Therefore there is a Cb, B#,E#, and Fb! Enharmonics are nit interchangeable.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I explain that later in the video, but for the sake of not confusing the new learner it helps to think of them as interchangeable.

  150. yume mirai

    25:20 “When you use a scale to build a melody, that’s called ‘playing in a key’.” So THAT’S what it means… I’ve spent my life getting confusing explanations about that. Now it… is still pretty confusing. I mean I’m no musician but now I’m starting to learn what all these terms mean.

    1. Logbia7k

      It’s not confusing. I would only describe it otherwise:
      Playing in the key of C means that they use the note C as the first note of the scale. Playing in the key of F means the first note of the scale is F.

  151. S Bingham

    This teaching is super-helpful, because it does not assume knowledge of anything, so a person can actually begin learning at the beginning! THANK YOU!

  152. FrOzZzT

    At 54:55 the sound is a D instead of E, but great video!

  153. MelonSquash

    Thanks! I’m gonna use this for my beats

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome! 🙂 Feel free to link your beats in a reply to this comment so we can all listen!

  154. waddup20

    I’ve been avoiding music theory for way too long now..

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      waddup20 I think you will find it useful and fun.😎

  155. Prantik Nath

    in chord progression why did u showed 4th chord (D) after 1 chord (A).. it could be 3rd, 5th chord?? or there is any rule behind it?

  156. Quizzy B.

    When it come to intervals what makes the Perfects perfect instead of Majors?? For example he said C to D was M2 but C to F is a P4! Why is C to F perfect instead of Major. Any answer will be helpful! I got confused there. Thanks!

    1. Logbia7k

      That’s simply a matter of the relationship between the ground note and the other note, whether it is consonant or dissonant. The perception of both of these terms have been experienced differently in cultures worldwide the last centuries. In Jazz, for example, dissonant intervals are also frequently used without being perceived as dissonant.

    2. Quizzy B.

      Thank you! I understand clearly now. Im getting that it basically has to do with a specific tone differential. I probaly would’ve noticed that if I was playing along and watching your video.. rather than taking notes and watching this first time around lol Thanks alot for the clarity and response!

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Quizzy B. It has two reasons. One is historical and religious. The other has to do with the fact that when you invert the interval, your result is still a perfect interval. It has a really clean sound, as opposed to maj/min.

  157. ule2300

    This is without doubt the best music theory video on YouTube. You did what all the other fake-ass-ebook-salesmen tried to do.

    Thank you for this 🙏🏽

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are most welcome my friend. 🙂 I do write e-books, but I am trying my best to avoid the weird marketing gimmicks. All of my big videos are free to the world, because I really want to spread the knowledge. Thanks for the awesome comment!

  158. Chris Rud

    And where´s the explanation for what you need “Intervals inversion ” ???

  159. tomasgonzales

    “Understanding music theory”… aaand there’s nothing about rythm, as expected.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      tomasgonzales I see. I will do a live stream on it next week.

    2. tomasgonzales

      Only found one on counting rhythm. I’m looking for and understanding of rhythm that would give me the tools to transcribe a song, strong beat weak beat and that stuff. For how mathematical rhythm in music is, it’s the least rigorously defined subject I’ve had the displeasure to try to learn.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      tomasgonzales I have an entire video on rhythm on my channel page.😎

  160. Eric Matthews

    This video is amazing. I’m nearly half through so far. It’s taking a while because I’m making notes for each lesson by heading. So far, I already understand what sounds good together in music so much better. Looking to learn the piano using this knowledge. Thank you!

  161. ComfyBluePants

    Really, how many times do you think I’ll need to watch this to completely understand? I do find myself getting lost at times while watching.

    1. Rangga Adikharisma

      ComfyBluePants this is my 7th time watching this, and im only 25 minutes in

  162. Vin Helsing

    What do you mean by half-step smaller further?

  163. Vin Helsing

    To make the C chord a CM6, you just add the A note, right?

  164. Vin Helsing

    So basically, a power chord is not a chord but an interval, right? Please enlighten me.

  165. Higgzmusik

    i feel really mad at this dude, i got a basic degree in music theory and at the begining of each segment he says this is pretty easy! fuck you! Its not , don’t make us feel like idiots!

  166. This is Carousi

    Brain: “Okay, so class is at 9 tomorrow. I should get some sleep.”

    Also Brain at 12 am: “I wonder how hard it is to learn Music Theory.”

    1. JD Molosky

      Same XD it’s almost 1am right now

    2. Third Jaruda

      so I’m not the only one stumbling upon this vid at midnight haha

    3. FBI Agent #2619

      This is Carousi 1:36 am here and I’m doing the same thing

  167. 笹原嵐

    Ooh, I’m so excited about this! I expect to watch this video multiple times.


    Just an observation, I noticed while explaining the a major scale you said whole,whole,whole on the first three, but your diagram says whole, whole, half.i could be wrong

  169. Venturer

    It got a bit complicated and hard to understand for me at the Tritone, but that might be due to my lack of sleep lately. Otherwise I see no flaws with the video. Very simple and fun video. Good job.

    1. Venturer

      Haha, that’s right. I’d have to be Mozart to only have to watch such a video once.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Venturer thanks! Be sure to give it time to sink in 😎

  170. Autistic Reign

    You lost me once you introduced letters. What is this Algebra?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You get lost easy don’t you?

  171. Abhijit Battar

    This is Gold..thank you

  172. Agressive Burito

    Hi thank you very much for your lesson I am digging it since yesterday. But I Guess I missed some information (my English is not perfect) so, at the chapter chord progression how is that the root note is the 4th deegree? I always genuinly thought the root note was the lowest. Thanks for sharing your knowledge cheers 😀

    1. Agressive Burito

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher ah okay that’s clear now!

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      The root note is the note that you use to build the chord. The bass note is the note that is lowest. So, a C M chord is C E G. However, you can play these notes and play the G as the lowest note. That would be what is called “second inversion”.

  173. Robin Richardson

    Hi Ross, thank you for sharing your incredible wealth of information! I have been searching high and low for a page like this where someone just wants to share their knowledge and there isn’t a catch to it. Needless to say I will be buying your books to support your page. I wanted to ask I have played guitar since I was 13 but on and off but I never learnt to read sheet music. What order would you suggest I follow with your videos for the best learning experience? Also I have a Taylor 314CE steel string guitar and an electric guitar, would it be possible to learn the classical compositions on these or do I need to buy a new classical? Thank you and greetings from South Africa

  174. nathan hu plays10

    would music theory help/teach for playing by ear for any instrument?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Any western instrument, yes😎

  175. Onkar Agashe

    Can you please make a video on how to read sheet music?
    Thanks in advance!
    This video helped me a lot!
    Thanks so much for uploading this!

    1. Onkar Agashe

      Thanks A lot!!!!

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Got you covered my friend. 🙂

  176. Julian Pillon

    Your circle of fifth is incorrect. You missed the D# on the left-hand side.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      There is a typo, it is missing eb. However, I walk through each key one at a time and they are all there.😎

  177. Deus Ex

    I’m confused about tritones (starting at 35:23), can someone help me out?

    First we look at the C major scale and point out that the tritone is the interval C to F# (the augmented 4th / diminished 5th) – alright. It’s three whole steps from either side, all symmetrical.
    Then we look at B major and conclude that the tritone is B to F. Right, it’s the same thing there.
    So far so good, but heres where I get confused:
    We switch back to C major, but we keep the tritone F to B from B major. *Why?*
    My brain crashes: F to B isn’t symmetrical at all, wasn’t the tritone in C major C to F#, if C to F# is a valid tritone in C major then isn’t also C# to G?

    I just lose it at this part. I’ve tried watching it again but I’m stuck with the same questions.

    1. Deus Ex

      Aha! Thank you so much for taking the time to clear this up for me. Great video by the way, it has really helped me get started learning music theory.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Also, F to B are the notes that naturally occur in the C major scale. This means that the tritone naturally occurs in C major.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      F to B is symmetrical. 🙂 Check it out: F whole step to G whole step to A whole step to B. Also: B whole step to C# Whole Step to D# whole step to F. Both 3 whole steps. In music, symmetry means the distance when comparing inversions.

  178. Richard Christie

    Terminology error at 22.59.

    F is the first degree (the key note or the tonic note) of the F major scale. It is NOT the “root” note of the scale. Scales do not have “root” notes, root notes are a feature of chords (harmonies).

    A common and irritating error, especially when perpetuated by teachers.

    1. Richard Christie

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher replied: “Richard Christie I use the word root for scales and will continue to do so. So did my brilliant teachers at University. Tonic works too, but the terms can be used interchangably.”

      If your teachers used it in such a manner then they too, are incorrect. For what it’s worth, no teacher at the university I attended made that error. Root is a term used in harmony.

      Oxford English Dictionary (on-line version):
      2.5 Music The fundamental note of a chord.
      ‘in the sequence the roots of the chords drop by fifths’

      Same defn in Oxford Companion to Music and every authoritative music text I possess. Heck, even Wikipedia gets it right.

  179. Unusual scales on guitar

    Makes sense in a kind of unconventional way /: kl stuff ross!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Thanks for watching!! I try to think outside of the box.

  180. Jason Maxwell

    I took a break off music theory to test $3,000 worth of music equipment for a month. The engineering was a huge distraction but now im back to reading notation.

    1. Jason Maxwell

      Thanks. I could name individual notes by ear and I find guessing note pitches are easier than naming key distances by ear like perfect 5ths, 4ths, 3rds, majors and minors etc. I’ve been been learning to play notions to catch on to my key distances instead of just sampling record’s. I dont want think the whatever 1000 beat machine is always going to be the answer.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Sometimes gear helps, and sometimes you just gotta hit the pencil and paper. Thanks for watching brother, let me know how I can help.

  181. Rockguy29

    I kinda got lost at Inversions…maybe I will start again from the beginning.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yes! Even though this video is only an hour long, a full understanding of music takes a lifetime….

  182. Syng Norsk

    Why is all this stuff called «easy» and «simple» all the time? Its easy if you know allready …

  183. Karthik Iyengar

    This is incredibly useful. I was pretty much confused at the part where the Major chord progression needs to have minor and diminished chords in them – but this helped

    Thanks once again 🙂

  184. Gobilla 21


  185. Zhe Lu

    At 56:44, isn’t your circle of fifths missing an Eb between Bb and Ab?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Haha yeah. The error on the circle was just a typo. That is one of my weaknesses. You are welcome 😀. Please send any questions my way.😎

    2. Zhe Lu

      Also, thanks for this video.

    3. Zhe Lu

      In your defense, in the minutes following that, you do include Eb when going through the progression of fifths.

    4. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Zhe Lu yeah. I was new to video making and unfortunately that typo slipped through the cracks. But the concepts are all correct. There is an audio error in there too.

  186. Devin McFall

    you have no idea how thankful I am for finding this video,thank you.

  187. Musicellaneous

    Impressive job!! Very cool 🙂

  188. Aaron Cabb

    Suspended and augmented chords at 44:20

  189. Aaron Cabb

    Time mark: 48:40

    1. Aaron Cabb

      Please ignore this, I just don’t want to forget where I was in the video, lol

  190. maxcast1234567890

    There’s an mistake at 54:50 . If you listen well, It’s playing GCD Csus2 but it’s written GCE C triad

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yes. Unfortunately this was my first ever animated video, and there are mistakes because of some of my technical deficiencies. 🙁 There is a typo in the circle of fifths as well. But too late to fix it. The information is still good though.

  191. Jd Shanz

    This is amazing.


    Why is the chromatic scale at 33:10 not complete? idk

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      ANGRYGREEKMANYO I didn’t need the whole thing to show the difference between note spacing in the chords.😎


    Lost me at 33:00 at the chromatic scale.. Idk what you were even doing and how you got those…. So confused 😀

  194. thecasperbrown

    Teaching scales and not teaching fingering positions makes no sense to a learner

    1. thecasperbrown


    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      My guitar videos show fingerings. But I wanted this video to be useful for everyone, not just guitar players.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      thecasperbrown This video is not specifically intended for any single instrument.

  195. ShaineJams :3

    Alright yeah I give up. I’ve come to the conclusion that music theory is another one of those “lucky sperm club” talents. Its like, the harder I try and the more I want it, the more difficult it seems. And once I think I’ve understood something, I try and relate it to my playing and I just fucking can’t. I’m just so sick of hearing “you need to learn theory or you’ll never take your music to the next level.” Well why doesn’t someone just show me instead of saying this!?? It honestly just seems like an elitist practice at this point, like golf or polo. I’m sure id get it if I had hundreds of dollars to spend on hands-on instruction (I thought school was supposed to teach us usefull things?) but I ain’t no fortunate son… Sorry, I’m trying not to bitch, but this whole game just seems rigged against those who have to start at zero. Music’s the only thing that I’m even remotely good at, and its like I don’t even have that…

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      If you expect to instantly understand everything, you are on the wrong train. It takes many years to get there. Which concepts do you find difficult?

  196. ShaineJams :3

    I’m really having trouble understanding. Maybe its really easy for people who have been in music classes since they were kids in school but there’s people who didn’t get that…. Why is the scale called “MAJOR”? I understand what notes make up the scale. But why the term “major”? Or why is “A” even called A?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      This my friend,is where you are running into useless questions. Why call a “dog” a “dog”? Major is defined as the pattern of WWhWWWh. That is all. Don’t get too deep here. Try to see these patterns in the music you are currently playing. E-mail me at ross@musicandguitarlessons.com if you need more help. PS. I did’t start music till the age of 18, so the idea you have to be a child to learn this is not true.

  197. Cr38IDBhrok3N

    Awesomely helpful… A little overwhelming at parts… But helpful. Thanks for taking the time

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Why thank you. 🙂

  198. Mr. Jay Beats

    Thank you so much for this man it’s helped me so much!!!

    1. Mr. Jay Beats

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher I’ll do both!!

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Very welcome! Definitely sub or pick up the book to show me love.😎 Peace brother.

  199. Pro Odermonicon

    Is there a Fb or E#?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yessir. Now, a Cb and B are the same pitch. It is called enharmonic spelling 😎

  200. NSDominator

    Music theory? More like music indoctrination 😂

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      NSDominator let’s hear your masterpiece, oh Lord of free thought.😉

  201. Sir Pickle

    So with the interval of C to D, why is it considered a Major 2nd but NOT a Perfect 2nd? Aren’t the intervals both on the major and minor scale?

    1. Dave B.

      Some intervals (unison, 4th, 5th, octave) are just called “perfect”; they are never called major or minor.
      Some other intervals (2nd, 3rd, 6th, 7th) are called either major or minor.
      It is just the way that they are named.

    2. Sir Pickle

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher Okay thank you very much 😁

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Because the inversion is a minor 7th. D belongs to cmaj, but c does not belong to dmaj.😎

  202. cause No

    This video has brought me so much further. Thank you very much! I am only at half an hour yet, because I only watch small chunks and then I try to digest it and incorporate the concepts before I move on to the next topic. But because it is all in such a dense format I don’t waste any second listening to boring repetitions I can do all of that at my own speed. Thank you very, very much!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      cause No you are most welcome 😀

  203. Jeff Roberts

    Hey Ross, im actually an old student of yours not that you remember me by any means. cool to see where youve made it in a few short years

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Jeff Roberts I do actually remember! Thanks for saying hi.😎

  204. Ashley Jackson

    I think that I’m gonna pause the video, sleep a little to process the information, and then come back

  205. justicetrooper

    Will we ever have a base ten version of music theory?

  206. James Stanford

    I am getting an aha moment after weeks of traversing the web looking for theory direction.Yours is by far the most graspable,useful, video Ive ever seen.Well done sir!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      James Stanford thanks 😀

  207. Jaywolf Ak

    Hi, first of all that’s great lesson thank you so much.
    I have a question, I don’t play instruments at all, but I sing. Somehow if I listen to song or music for the first time I’m able to tell what’s the next melody or chord or key or beat by just humming along.
    What you call that? And is it a good ear trainer?

    1. Jaywolf Ak

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher
      Thank you so much..I came to your channel bcuz I feel things that I don’t have knowledge for, so I can understand its meanings..
      Keep posting the knowledge..that’s the only treasure we leave behind that lasts for centuries..
      Thanks again.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      That means you have a great ear! Now use your theory knowledge to formalize what you hear. You could write great music with a good ear.

  208. Jay Lê

    Amazing content. Nicely break down and explain music theory terms & concept.

  209. Seth Miller

    Thank you so much sir! I was losing my motivation and passion for piano because I felt like my input was not worth the output and things were to complicated. But this video was so clear and easy for me to grasp it all clicks into place now! I shall go to my piano teacher’s house with a renewed attitude ready to actually understand and learn! Thank you!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome!! Pay it forward and share this with folks that might want the same lightbulbs. 🙂 Happy practice!

  210. Batman Perez Perez

    Hi! Thank you so much for doing this video! It’s very useful to understand music theory and helps a lot!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Batman Perez Perez you are welcome 😀

  211. Grimik Red

    Any time i cant sleep i click on this video thanks lol its a good lesson i bought the book and re reading to get it all. So far im understanding the first half.

  212. A Train

    You are awesome. Thank you for this.

  213. baseket2ball12

    Hey man, at 1 hour and 4 minutes isn’t the chord shown just a vi 6 chord at the bottom? Not a second inversion like you have written?

  214. Adnan Susic

    A Guy told me the difference between major an minor chords is that minor chords have a flat third can someone explain to me what he ment?(have not watched the whole video yet so sorry if he explained it already but i do not think he did)

  215. Greg Rosetzky

    one of the best music theory tutorials I’ve ever seen on youtube! congrats and please keep on making this kind of videos! :))))

  216. WaffleMmann

    Does this apply to piano as well as guitar?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      WaffleMmann every instrument 😎

  217. Space Boy

    I am so grateful that you made this video. That is all.

  218. camelCased

    Thanks, it will serve as a good reference All-In-One material.
    Although in the end it got more and more mathematical, explaining how to calculate but not how and why to use or not to use something (but then you wouldn’t be able to limit it to one hour).

    It seems you mentioned the term “dominant” a few times without explaining what it actually is (but then you would have to talk also about tonic, subdominant and how they affect harmony etc.)

  219. Juan Sarmiento

    Great video. I purchased your book.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Thanks for the support. 🙂

  220. Frank G

    I’ve wanted to learn this for years. Now I’m pushing 50.(have kids and time just disappears!). I was initially trying to understand ‘modes’ but then found I needed a fuller foundation first. Luckily, I found this. I will need to re-watch a few times I think. I’m not lost, but it’s just harder to retain (at my age) very enjoyable pace though. thank you! Sub’d. 🙂

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Thanks so much!

  221. Soodarsen Bhikajee

    Great approach Sir!!! will definitely use your teaching to progress…Thank you for this bright enlightment

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Thank you!

  222. Taimure Bashir

    @Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

    inversion question.
    C maj 7 : 1_2_5_7

    C maj 7 1st inversion : 1_3_5_6. is it I6 because it’s adding a 6 to the regular 1_3_5 or is it I5/3 because 3 and 5 follow the new root?

    C maj 7 2nd inversion : 1_3_4_6. is it I6/4 because it’s adding a 4 and 6 to the regular 1_3_5 or is it I4/3 because 3 and 4 follow the new root?

    Making an inversion from another degree in the scale.

    if I start making inversions from a C major but on the 2nd degree, is it notated something like ii6?

    I re-winded that part quite a few times. couldn’t get it. Everything else was top notch. Thank you.

    1. Taimure Bashir

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher got it. Thank you!

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      The inversion is labeled 6 because of the interval from the new bass note. The new bass note in first inversion C is E. E up to C is a sixth. 🙂

  223. nichttuntun

    Thank you. I think you actually nailed the most important basics in one lesson.

    I have a suggestion for the modes. I think it’s much easier to devide in major and minor based scales where everyone knows which intervals to use to build them.

    Then you attach the Lydian and the Mixolydian to major and Dorian, Phrygian and Locrian to minor.

    And then it’s easy to play any Mode from any note on like this:

    Lydian: 4th step raised (Lydian Quarte)
    Mixolydian: 7th step lowered (Mixolydian Septime)

    Dorian: 6th step raised (Dorian Sechste)
    Phrygian: 2nd step lowered (Phrygian Sekunde)
    Locrian: 2nd and 5th step lowered (Locrian Sekunde and Quinte)

    I find this approach much easier and even beginners can play the modes from each note with closed eyes with this technique.

    I think building and learning scales in terms of half steps and hole steps is too complicated and makes learning modes too hard and confusing. Better learn them knowing the intervals. Than playing the classical church modes is really easy.


    1. nichttuntun

      Hi. That’s cool. Thank you inn advance 🙂

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      nichttuntun good point! I will probably do a whole course on the modes before too long…😎

  224. Robert Dowler

    Thank you

  225. Matt Gilbert

    I platy Bminor when I am playing Cmajor. What’s wrong with that?
    I don’t understand any of this, 3rd time through.
    And all those modes sound the same, they sound like G major.

  226. zizo 2000

    hey MR. Ross there’s something that’s really been bothering me a lot and is almost driving me insane , Did you skip/forget writing a 5th scale note when you were writing the original circle of Fifths????

    1. zizo 2000

      hey Ross sorry to bother you with a lot of my questions but , does a chord that borrowed a tritone from another scale like “V5/V” does it have to borrow only a tritone and does the chord after it have to have a borrowed resolution of the first ?

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      zizo 2000 correct

    3. zizo 2000

      so the original circle of fives just missed an E♭ correct?

    4. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yeah that is one of three typos. I made this when I was really new to video.😎

  227. zizo 2000

    min. 41:30 I get why you changed the B diminished chord to a C and E but why did you change the entire scale into a C Major ?

  228. j E

    I have played guitar for well over 10 years. I am quite good, but Every time I try to learnmusic theory, I just don’t understand any of it. I don’t know notes, scales, or anything, and i am actually pretty tone deaf. I know like 3 chords, G D C. I know how to play more chords, but don’t know the names. I can play everything from skynard to tool. Bit just can’t understand theory. I know if I could finally understand it, I could be a phenomenal guitar player. I am just so confused, even by the simplest stuff. Any suggestions?

  229. Matt Gilbert

    I know a bit, enough to play guitar, but as soon as it gets beyond the basics, I am lost. Been trying to learn circle of fifths forever! Thanks anyway, I appreciate it when people upload resources like this.You lost me at the tritone.

  230. Kouga Soze

    U should’ve put time markers

  231. carcharias

    I’m 30mins into this and I UNDERSTAND IT! Wow! I’ve been plucking away at my guitar for years, and finally have taken lessons. My questions are always the same and the answers have seemed so alien eithout all the steps to fill in the large gaps. This lesson is filling in even the smallest of gaps. Thanks for your explanations and for making theory accessible. You’ve reignited my musical fire!

  232. Hector B Matos

    Ross, thank you for your advice ; I will certainly follow your advice !!!

  233. Angie Konrad

    Very good and useful video. 👍 I’m still learning and I just don’t understand the concept of using double sharps or flats. If you’re going to alter the note by one whole, for example when using E♭ ♭ wouldn’t it be more logical to just use a D instead?

  234. random turtle

    damm i wanna join the music program in my school because im pretty good at piano and they dont have a pianist yet but trying to learn all this shit is just way too much

    1. Dave B.

      Logbia7k : Of course it will help you in making music.
      I played for years both before and after learning theory.
      Learning music theory is like learning spelling and grammar in English.

    2. Logbia7k

      And this isn’t going to help you much either in making music. Just rather to read music.

  235. Flailmorpho

    15 minutes in and you don’t even explain what notes *are* but you’re going on and on about what scales they belong to. Start off with talking about what hertz they are, how we find notes, things like that

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Flailmorpho that information is in the book, which you are welcome to purchase.😀

  236. Hector B Matos

    Hi Ross; I just ordered your books : Music theory in one lesson , and One hundred sight reading exercises for guitar on Amazon and can’t wait to get them !!! I will be learning from the books and your videos on You – Tube . I will let you know about my progress . I bought them because you are a very competent Music teacher !!! I will do my best to absorb all the knowledge in your books ; Thank you , If you have any advice about how to implement the videos with the books ;I would appreciate it very much,thanks

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Thanks so much for the support! The best advice I can offer is to make sure you move slowly through the exercises. Also, try to understand the theory behind every piece you pllay!

  237. M.D Records

    this guy is actually promoting his book.. in the name of i donno what🐢🐧🐲🐍🐢🐉🐉🐋🐬🐌🐜🐞👹

  238. Tedditt OFFICIAL

    Thank you so much for making this video.

  239. Arjun Batra

    I mean why didnt you monetize this video???????

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I don’t monetize my videos, but I advertise my own books and musicandguitarlessons.com . 🙂 I hate YouTube’s ads, so I don’t force anyone to watch them.

  240. Karen Elizabeth

    I don’t play an instrument. I don’t even like learning about music. I’m going into a STEM field. I have no idea why I’m watching this or why I find it so interesting, but I do.

    1. Steven Liddicoat

      Karen Elizabeth because sound is vibration and the universe is nothing but vibration. To understand music is to understand the universe.


    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Karen Elizabeth such a cool comment.😎 Music functions like math, so of course you find it interesting!

  241. Simon Vermeulen

    I don’t get it


    What the hell man ,u just explained the a major and minor using a a# b b# without explaining why after a comes a# then b b# its so unclear

  243. Jay Deutsch

    I was fine till you got to tritones then nothing made sense.

  244. Julien Grote

    This is very good, thank you a lot for the content 😀

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Julien Grote you are very welcome 😀

  245. Chris Miller

    I have been playing guitar for 15 years off and on. Never once thought about learning theory, was always good enough to play with bands by ear. I’d take a hiatus due to feeling like I got a wall in advancement. Recently decided I want to take my abilities to the next level. Only 28 min in, really enjoying learning how it all works. Thank you for the video!

  246. A. Rodriguez

    takes a whole semester worth of work and shoves it into one hour.

  247. Megult

    Putting it on 1,5x speed might help some of you that already have some knowledge!

  248. John Harris

    Longest and best conversation that I’ve had in a while. Great Vid.

  249. Chewy

    Can someone re word what he said at 42:48 to 43:12 for me?

  250. guloguloguy

    You TOTALLY LOST me at 41:20, talking about how the “Tritone resolves to C and E”….. WTF?!……. (Just prior you’re showing the B Chromatic scale, and picking out the “B-Major”, “B-minor”, and the “B-diminished” chords, (never mind the “B-Augmented” chords). How the hell does C and E suddenly figure into the pattern?!…. = FAILED!!!

    1. Dave B.

      guloguloguy : A tritone is an interval of an augmented 4th. They call it “the Devil in music” because it sounds very dissonant and wants to resolve.
      1) In a B dim. chord (B-D-F), the notes of the tritone (B-F) get “pulled” in different directions to C and E of a C major chord.
      2) In a B dom. chord (B-D#-F#-A), the notes of the tritone (D#-A) get “pulled” in different directions to E and G# of an E major chord.
      3) In the first example, it shows how a vii dim wants to resolve to I.
      4) In the second example, it shows how a V chord also wants to resolve to I.
      5) The tension in that tritone is like the ultimate instability in music. It wants to be resolved by moving by half -steps in two different directions to the chord tones of the “home chord” (the I chord).
      *** He threw in the B minor scale just to show you how he got to B dim.; and B augmented wasn’t necessary to the example.
      *** You can’t expect a one-hour video to cover a two-year college course. Stick with it and eventually it will all make sense.

  251. ABicycleRide

    Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher – Thanks a lot for making this video. If you don’t mind, I’ll just IGNORE all the negative comments I’ve seen about this video because they are irrelevant. What IS relevant to me is that I was very excited to have found that little gem of information!
    I’ve been glued to my computer screen, trying to assimilate everything. It would be impossible to find a “perfect teaching speed” that would fit everybody as it depends on many factors. That said, the “respectably slow without getting too boring” pace you’ve selected was pretty darn good as far as I’m concerned. Still, I’ll have to replay it at least one more time because it was going fast for me at times, as I was trying to “connect the dots” in my mind.
    I am not dumb enough to think that any one-hour video will make me a music master, but you’ve certainly improved my understanding of the “big picture / foundations” of music theory by a LOT. I’ve seen quite many videos on these topics and I have to say you are a very good teacher and it was really useful that all this information was so well organized in a single video.
    As for all the little ads in-between every section, they are quick and I think a very small price to pay for such high quality, free video. The little ads even gave me time to review in my head what I had just learned, ha ha.
    I’m currently travelling for a long period on a bicycle so I have no place for a book, but I’ll take a look at buying it when I get back home. I assume it contains some extra information than was presented here?
    So anyway, here’s what I wanted to say: fantastic video, it helped me a lot. Thanks!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are so welcome! Definitely take your time to get through it. 🙂 The book doesn’t really have more information than the video, it is just a way to support the free music education cause! 🙂 Also, if you are a guitar player, I am doing live streams every morning (mountain time) to cover sight reading and music theory drills.

  252. Raizor Endenium

    Enough with the adds every 10 seconds though… We get it.

  253. Justin Ouellette

    oh and 266e for natural ♮

  254. Justin Ouellette

    to create a flat symbol click on “symbol” in your word processors top ribbon, then make sure your font is Arial Unicode MS and type 266D in the character code. ♭

  255. Piyush Kumar

    Everything was going great, but then came this tritone0😩

  256. Antonio Brother

    I fell asleep . Great job this is boring as shit …

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Probably not as boring as your playing! Study up butter cups, education is not meant to be entertainment unless you are 4 years old.

  257. Zitro Blast

    Im confused isn’t the trirone not in any scale because IN the scale of C the tritone he marked was F but the tritone is F# so I don’t understand

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Zitro Blast in c, B to F is the tritone 😎

  258. carlosocarnero

    I have been trying to get into music theory for years, and this is literally the only video (or lesson) that i actually found useful and understood fully. thank you so much! 🙂

  259. Tom Goldsmith guitar


  260. Spicy Goat123

    Y u talk so slow

    1. Ave Satana

      ShaineJams :3
      Change the video speed from 1x to 1.5x or higher

    2. ShaineJams :3

      Honestly like I get he’s joking, but its making it really difficult to learn anything… I can’t even focus. Its so fucking frustrating to know you have to learn something but its like all the people who teach it just speak some language that you never got to learn. Is 22 too old to learn?

    3. Steven Liddicoat

      Because not everybody is as brilliant as you.

    4. Spicy Goat123

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher touché

    5. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Why don’t you spell your words out fully?

  261. James Gadsden III

    I like the video. I will get the book.

  262. naor zadok

    Thank you very enriching video

  263. PoloEstudios

    Thanks a lot for this.

  264. Equo Rezil

    I like better the way 1 and flat 4 sounds. I’ll call it river.

  265. Gerhard Umlandt

    Those permanent jumps in volume – notes louder than voice, e.g. – are not so pleasant.

    1. Gerhard Umlandt

      Never mind! The lesson in itself is ok! Just klicked a thumbs up.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Gerhard Umlandt I was pretty awful at editing back then.😀 Getting better at it though!

  266. Christian Schmitt

    Who eles fell asleep

  267. Bolin Dong

    Your video is very helpful! Now I kinda understand the construction of chords and melodies etc, not just play the chords blindly~

  268. ASTERIX [****]

    Why do we not call a perfect 4th a major 4th ?

    1. Logbia7k

      Because a 4th interval is an concordant interval. Which basicly means, the ratio is almost perfect, so it doesn’t have a major and Minor. Read also: (music)

  269. Goat

    Watch at 2x speed

    Your welcome

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Haha! 🙂

  270. saathi rara

    Good One of the Music ….Great Job..Thank you so much….Always God Bless all of you…

  271. Savin Bogdan Constantin

    Not to be rude, but at 32:05 the Viola part does not play the highlighted notes. It’s playing C# C# D D

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Correct. You found 1 of my 3 typos hehe. I made this when I had no clue how to animate and make the music files, so there are some fat fingered mistakes in there.

  272. Savannah Gunter

    This makes so much sense now thank you 😭😭😭

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Savannah Gunter you are welcome 😀

  273. andocrates

    I went to music theory 5 days a week for 12 semesters. We barely scratched the surface of music theory. Do you also sell penis enlargement aids? Ass. We also had to compose score and orchestrate an original 4 part harmonization. That also music theory. Can I write for a French horn? Will I understand how the overtones of a string section work? When my horn section has no trombones can I re score the horns in real time.

    1. andocrates

      I apologize profoundly. You weren’t a person back then. I AM an ass.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      For which class?

    3. andocrates

      What was your final project? Wasn’t it scoring an original orchestral piece. (Yes I cheated and transposed CPE Bach into 12 tone. But that a different type of genius.)

    4. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      As a full time musician and teacher, I can agree. However, if you show up on another one of my videos calling me an ass I am going to block you from this channel.

    5. andocrates

      Music theory is a right brain activity. This is necessary if you understand how humans learn. While you are learning a second language you will effortlessly amass a huge vocabulary of your mother tongue. Same thing. MT is a second language that really isn’t at all useful for a full time musician. But without theory and discipline I wouldn’t have breaking through the hurdles of making a living. at this. I can do anything needed. Concert, sound application, theater, film and teach others.

      Music theory also has application (your workbooks) that teach you counterpoint, harmonic rhythm, tessitura of all instruments. And opera. This is partly sophistication training – useful as well.

      What you are addressing is not music theory but harmonic (chord) theory.

  274. nafis md. nayeem

    amazing, amazing, amazing and ONLY amazing 🙂

  275. Julie

    I am completely out at the tritone thing

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Keep trying! Sometimes it takes a few times to get a concept. 🙂 Perhaps I will do a livestream on tritones…

  276. Ryze AP

    But WHY it’s WHWWHWW and WWHWWWH?????? I know they sum 6 but WHY!?!?!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      It has to do with the frequencies and the difference of frequencies between octaves. 🙂

    2. Ryze AP

      Don’t worry I’ve found a spanish channel that covers my questions about it! thanks! for now… To learn which is C in the acoustic guitar haha

    3. Logbia7k

      Ryze AP can you sent the time in the video you dont understand

    4. Ryze AP

      Hey, thanks! But I think I’ll go to a math’s class to understand even why we took a whole step and why it’s an octave and not a ninth or tenth 😛

    5. Logbia7k

      If you change the intervals in the same key you can create a few new scales. Most used are the Major scale and Minor scale. Thats like 99% of all western music.

  277. poocky100

    omg you’re so helpful you have no idea.

  278. Paul Sanders

    Why does your circle of fifths not contain 12 notes?

    1. Logbia7k

      Yeah that’s weird indeed. lol

  279. US / Japan Bass Alliance

    If I just take the a scale..let’s say A Mixolydian and then play chords that fit into the scale is that musically sound?  I play guitar and carry around a scale book, when I construct a song I just pick chords that fit into the scale boxes.  I hope that makes sense.  This video is great.  Very informative sir.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +US / Japan Bass Alliance it does! You are very smart for doing it that way.

  280. Aaron Wolf

    When learning scales, should I remember each scale by knowing what the next note in the scale is, or by knowing whether I need a half or whole step?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +Aaron Wolf I use key signatures.

  281. RandomSubject

    1120pm watching this. i need music theory so thanks.

  282. Sir Sir


  283. rohit meena

    after this lesson can i start making music?

    1. rohit meena

      thank you bro

    2. Logbia7k

      Well. Maybe some basic theory is usefull. But everything this video tells you isn’t needed actually.
      The most important things to know:
      1. On your piano, see every note as equal as all others, as one long row of half-steps. The piano repeats the same 12 keys over and over. Within this 12 keys there are 7 of the major scale. The major scale repeats itself in this (in)finite row of pitches. All notes outside this scale aren’t wrong, they just don’t fit to the tonal center of the major scale and give different sensations.
      2. Try to sing of Hmmmm the major scale, so you know how each note sound.
      3. Chords are 3 or more notes played at the same time. Mostly, the root, 3th and 5th note of the scale.
      4. A melody is the lead of a song, Chords are build around it to create Harmony, Different feelings can be created by going lower or higher in pitch.

    3. rohit meena

      what can i do than?

    4. Logbia7k

      Not really. Music Theory is the wrong way to go then.

  284. TheConTraDemOn

    Four cats got drinks at every bar is how I remember order of sharps

    1. TheConTraDemOn

      And for flats “before eating a donut grab coffee first”

  285. Cleru

    I dont get the roman numerals part….. So in major scale chords the first is maj and the 2nd is min but why is the 2nd min? Can somebody pls tell me 😓

    1. Kevin Lungay

      I like to think of it in two dimensions, let’s say in C Major (no sharps or flats) we have the following notes in the scale: C D E F G A B C. Now pretend that each note in the scale acts as a base note, and create a triad chord for each note (CEG, DFA, EGB, etc…). If you look at each chord, that will determine if it is major or minor. CEG is Major (I) DFA is minor (ii) EGB is minor (iii) etc… Going with your particular question, in the D minor scale, those are the notes associated with it. If the F was raised a half step (F#), then it would be a Major 2nd (II)

  286. Cnote

    I made it through! I found the modulation and borrowing to be the most interesting part as far as making music goes. I find that I do this a lot already while composing my songs. The thing is, when I do it I don’t fully understand what’s happening I just know it sounds good lol. Thanks for the explanation. I will have to dissect this concept so I can infuse it in my music at will. Thanks again!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Cnote you are very welcome 😀

  287. Gabe Gilliland

    I’ve never willingly taken notes on something until now. Thank you so much

  288. DJ Dareon Production Sounds

    +Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher Thank you so much for this tutorial. As a beginning musician and a music producer, I must say that you have really went into details and explained almost every aspect of Music Theory in one video with great examples. After this lesson, I fully understand the concepts of building music from scratch and I’m having a lot of fun with it. Can I refer others to your channel so that they could benefit from this knowledge as well? Keep up the good work man and thanks for the education. No doubt that this video has fully enhanced my knowledge, playing and construction capabilities of making and playing music. Thank you Mr. Ross!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      DJ Dareon Production Sounds absolutely!😎

    2. DJ Dareon Production Sounds

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher will do sir. I will. I’ll also add you to my referral channel list if that’s okay?

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      DJ Dareon Production Sounds You are so welcome! Refer anyone, this video exists to help those in their journey.😁

  289. Tabla Radio from India

    Nice lessons

  290. Grace

    There are 666 comments (667 now heheh)

    1. sumstufflol

      Official GraceFace 333 likes

  291. Jernej Oblak

    what was the intro piece?

  292. Raphaël

    Hey, great video! I was wondering what is in your book that isn’t covered here ?

    1. Raphaël

      Ok thank you ^^
      I might buy it anyway

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Raphaël nothing. It is all in the video. The book is good to have and is a great way to support me. But I wanted to make it all free for everyone.

  293. WTMO ZINE

    cool video but the monotonous way of explaining really nerves after half an hour. some jokes inbetween whould help!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I appreciate the feedback. 🙂

  294. J Luna

    the way you explained everything made it all so understandable, thank you for this!

  295. Lucas Clark

    No you dont.

  296. AMINO AIL

    AMINO GUGA AIL 765-44-4400

  297. snoopy nasosu

    Hy, i wonder if you can help me with a lil problem that i have in understading the triton thing. When you get in modulation and you give that example with C Major, and so on and so on. Let s say i m starting/ in E Major, the dominant is B here, and the dominant of B is F # . The triton in F# Major – is B and E # ? And if so, this triton is resolving on A# and F # .. and there i have something that i think i wrong but i can t figure it out.. that tritone is not present.. so i have: E – G # – B —>>> F# – A# – C# – E ( it s transforming in to a F# Major dominant 7, i think this is the name.. and that tritone is not rezolving how i said on A # and F # ) —>>> and finnaly B – D # – F# ( i didn t put that 6 th, how you did in the example )… what i m doing wrong, i m going crazyyy ??? :)) that it s not the tritone ? or the tritone is A# and E ? and that would be ok.. but i have a lil question about that E, is has become frmo E# ( in F# major ) and E.. Help :))

    1. snoopy nasosu

      :)) my head will eventually explode from this music theory.. it’s a whole nother language for me and my head complicates things when in fact they r very simple.. i don t know, maybe this is what stupid means :)) !!! Thanks again 🙂

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Happy to help my friend. 🙂 It is good when knowledge keeps you up ! 🙂

    3. snoopy nasosu

      It should be the damn A# and E ( the tritone ) and from there after the 1st – E Major ( E- G# – B, and using the 2 th F# – A# – C # – E, and from there should land on B – D# – F# —> THE 5-TH OF E MAJOR ??? I’m a pain in the ass, i know but i couldn t sleep without knowing this.. !!!!!!!!!

    4. snoopy nasosu

      If my 1 start from E Major, this shouldn’t be borrowed from another key ? The 5 th ? And the 5 th is B, and in the key of B Major i don t see an A.. how you do in the example from 1:03:45

    5. snoopy nasosu

      i think is more simple then i v been blowing my own mind around here.. Jesus! Thank you 🙂

  298. NikatrolBeatz

    Thank You for helping music theory finally make since to me! Now I can enjoy playing the keys instead of getting a headache. Again Thank You!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +NikatrolBeatz You are very welcome 😀

  299. Lantz Garvey

    Here I am thinking that it’s too late for me to learn ACTUAL music theory, then I discover this…..nice. Dummies like me can understand this. VERY nice.

  300. NOLeague NOLifeTN


  301. NOLeague NOLifeTN


  302. MilKeys

    The comments section is like my friends making jokes in class I gatta rewind a little bit

  303. shawn Z

    11:50 c major scale

  304. Anthony Garcia

    New sub, most coherent lesson I’ve come across by far

  305. Ze _Jeff

    I’m glad I found this but man I need to watch this in 4x

  306. Brandon Coffin

    I’m too high for this shit

  307. YoungDaneMusic

    @26:25 if were doing every other note why are we going to C sharp instead of C. i got lost here = /

    1. YoungDaneMusic

      nevermind i got it. great video

  308. Belle Rose

    I just want to say that this one hour video has helped me understand Music theory better than my College professor has. So I just want to say thank you because now i feel like i better understand music theory and might have a chance to pass my final. So thank you.

  309. Ionatan Strateanu

    I have another question on the chord progressions I don’t fully understand are they just an order in which chords are played? And what does the ( I,ii,iii,IV,V ) mean exactly?? Like is it just I have to play the keys to chords naturally in the scale??

  310. Ionatan Strateanu

    I’m at bit confused on the information given in the section starting from 32:35? Can someone please explain PS. This video really clarified things for me

  311. Dr Slump

    I would by your book if it was available to me through international shipping.

  312. Lawrence Of Vocelli’s

    Ahh. Finals are approaching on a swift wind, and my Music Theory Final is leading the charge. It shall be upon me in 1 and a half weeks. Thank God there’s so many hours in a single week! BINGE WATCHIIIIIIIIIIN’, YEAH!

  313. Waters

    As always, I ran into a part that confused me. I’m really starting to think that music theory just isn’t for me.

    1. Logbia7k

      Music Theory isn’t needed to produce music actually. You’r ear is already very used to the major scale. If you just listen closely while producting your ear will know what notes you need to play and put them in the right place automaticly. You will simply hear if it is false or not.

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Just keep trying! It takes years to fully master music theory. Which part confused you?

  314. Gabriel Payne

    You a great teacher, subtly relaying concepts that are universally difficult to connect so everyone can learn and keep up this phenomenal you shoulda charged

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +Gabriel Payne I actually used to charge. Decided to make it free, because who knows what kind of life saving music will happen because people have this resource.😀 Thanks for the kind words!

  315. Alexandra Ash


    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +Alexandra Ash excellent! Please post links to your music here once you put this to use.😀

  316. Sizwe Ndlanzi

    (T=Tone(W); S=Semitone(H)) T,T,S,T,T,T,S = W,W,H,W,W,W,H Awesome!

  317. dont mind me im out

    How come I’ve never really studied music theory lol, and I’ve been playing guitar for 7 years, this is so easy with your explanations, thank you!

  318. Vendetta

    I went back multiple times, but I still can’t understand at 1:04:17 how V4/3 = D, F, G , B

  319. Waters Breedlove

    Music Theory is a Psyop.

  320. Mikey Wilson

    Really enjoyed this video – great overview and has highlighted areas I need to do further work on.

  321. whatlord

    A# and b flat are NOT the same note. They’re the same pitch. There’s a big difference.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Correct. Notes are named for TWO things. 1 – Pitch and 2 – Function

  322. Daryl Kenny

    At 34:31 I am a bit confused. I understand what makes a minor chord. What I don’t understand is WHY the 2nd, 3rd and 6th are minor. Is there a reason in the theory or is this just one of the things that has to be remembered?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Check out the section that compares major to minor using distance. 🙂

  323. PrimordialNightmare

    I … don’t understand it. Like literally nothing. I don’t think it’s you, the comment section is more or less filled with lots of people that are very thankfull.
    I have the suspicion that I am simply bad at understanding music theory xD
    I was starting hopefully but as hard as I try: I don’t see the concepts. I mean: I think I can cite what a chord or a melody is. Maybe even a scale – however, I kind of get lost trying to memorize what scale is what and how they’re built. To be honest: a lot of the systems and concept appear as ‘made up’ I am unable to see a lot of the internal logic. Then again, I don’t think it is due to your style of teaching. There are too many people greatly benefitting from this video.

    I’m now halfway through and more or less completely fell out. But I will keep this video definetly in my watch later list to come back sometime.

    1. Whitaker's World

      Don’t give up! It took me a while to get the gist of music theory but after a while things start clicking!!!

    2. t.h. worden

      ” audiotively “….ah, yet another Utooob Rocket-Scientist–or mebbe anutha “millenial” needing it spoon-fed from a silver platter…

    3. Joeys48

      Try looking at a piano keyboard. It is way more visual than a guitar or in my case, Saxophone. Think of the C major (all white keys) scale as having a half step between 3&4 and 7&8. Start on A (natural minor aka relative minor) and play all white keys and you will see the half steps are between 2&3 and 5&6. For me, it’s easier than counting whole and half steps.

    4. Ashley Morrison

      PrimordialNightmare you might wanna sit at a piano and try to apply the musical knowledge physically there. Just memorizing the rules may be difficult as it can be hard to connect it to reality without and actual instrument. A guitar is also useful as it has frets for each half step that are really easy for understanding scales

    5. John D. Avery

      Quentin Diaz – Octaves aren’t “sometimes” equivalent; they’re *always* equivalent. If Em7 in the root inversion (EGBD) is inverted to the 1st inversion (GBDE), it is still Em7 but with the root an octave higher. The lowest note in a chord is not necessarily the root.

      The root and every other note in a chord can appear anywhere within the chord without changing its name. GDBE, for instance, is still Em7 provided the tonality of the piece supports defining it as a minor7 chord rather than, say, a Gadd6 (a major chord) that it also is.

      I think what’s throwing you is that when an interval is inverted, it becomes its opposite: a minor 7 becomes a major 2, a major 6 becomes a minor 3, an augmented 4th becomes a diminished 5th, a diminished 4th becomes an augmented 5th. The only exceptions are the perfect intervals – P1 (perfect unison), P4, P5, P8 – which remain perfect although inverting them does change the distance between the pitches: a P4 becomes P5 and a P5 becomes a P4. In the case of inverting P1 and P8, all that happens is that the notes have swapped places without affecting the interval’s sound. A P15 (two octaves) is still going to be a 15th regardless of which order the notes are in.

      Not all modes are diatonic scales. For instance, Lydian and Locrian are not diatonic scales, at least not according to the criterion that a diatonic scale consists of two tetrachords separated by a whole tone and each of which is bounded by a perfect 4th. I could be mistaken, but I think these exceptions are why modes are called modes and not scales.

  324. Daniel Vlcek

    I broke through!!! Thank you!!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Daniel Vlcek excellent news my friend!

  325. Hikouma Music

    Thank you for this video, Ross.
    I have been writing music for 5 years now without much actual knowledge of music theory, writing everything by ear.
    I sort of hit a wall with how far I’m able to take myself with just that, so here I am.

    I really appreciate this.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome. 🙂

  326. Play Geetar

    Music theory is simple. Until you start talking about it

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      +Play Geetar Just keep trying 😀

  327. A random guy

    I don’t know if these comments are still being answered but can I just clarify, when looking at diminished chords, the minor 3rd is still a perfect interval and if so, how would it work with the 6th and the 7th in the scale as they are also the notes that change when moving to a minor scale.

    1. A random guy

      This is from the root note if that needs clarifying

  328. Nikolaj Madsen

    I don’t understand the Tritone part. Could anyone explain?

  329. Ex0rz

    Hows this gonna help me if I dont know how to play those chords on piano? All jibberish to me. Should have a piano there to show them out as well.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Good idea. 🙂 Remember, this video covers ALOT of material. You may need to watch it multiple times, but always remember: What you learn in this video you should try to apply to all the things you are learning. This video is really only an introduction to music theory. There is so much more to it…

    2. Ex0rz

      Well Ill rewatch this later after I learn some other stuff first! 🙂

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You can’t figure out the notes on the keyboard? I purposely left out the piano. That part is up to you. But you are VERY welcome for this free resource. Now go practice.

  330. Menta Founta Kai Wu

    What an amazing lesson to get a full Introduction into music theory. Thank you.

  331. Albert joseph Baniel

    Whats the music called in the beginning?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Its this one –>

  332. antonburger01

    What a fantastic and tremendously helpful lesson. Thank you for offering your resources, knowledge and time for free to make learning music accessible to so many of us who can’t afford private lessons! You are much appreciated.

  333. Sultan Mulberry

    Hello, I’m teaching myself how to write and read music notation but have run into a problem. Is there a musical articulation mark (for single notes) that means play softly? I have only found play loudly, staccato, etc… thanks

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Tenuto. 🙂

  334. The One Days

    Anyone else trying to make a dream come true?

    1. David Sanchez

      To be honest in 8 years of learning music, just NOW I decided to learn theory and I’ve been kinda successful in my career as a musician

    2. ShaineJams :3

      Daunting. Plus with this boring, monotone narration I just don’t think I can take it. I really tried but it just reminds me of school too much.

    3. Micael Azevedo

      The One Days here! Ahahah

  335. musabhai

    At 18:00 C to Db is being referred to as minor 2nd which is incorrect. C to D is the minor 2nd

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Correct! Many scales contain Db. The minor scale that contains Db as the second scale degree would be Cb minor, which is hardly EVER used due to double flats.

    2. musabhai

      that means a minor scale has a major interval in it? that is to say a C minor scale has major 2nd interval. Then which scale contains Db?

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Keep watching! In the minor scale, you have the following intervals: M2, m3, P4, P5, m6 m7

    4. musabhai

      at 13:40 you have said major 2nd i.e. D belongs to both scales of C. Moreover earlier you have said that WHWWHWW is the minor pattern, so C C# D. Whole step from C to D will give minor 2nd.
      I am confused.

    5. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Sorry, but C to D is a Major 2nd. Keep trying! This stuff sometimes comes slowly. 🙂

  336. Arone Titong

    prelude in a major

  337. Sean Wilson

    One thing I’ve wanted to get into is music theory in different equal temperament tunings- such as 31-TET.
    Would you be able to recommend any resources for me to learn more for that?

    And just because I can, here’s the circle of fifths in 31-TET:
    CM: C D E F G A B
    GM: G A B C D E F#
    DM: D E F# G A B C#
    AM: A B C# D E F# G#
    EM: E F# G# A B C# D#
    BM: B C# D# E F# G# A#
    F#M: F# G# A# B C# D# E#
    C#M: C# D# E# F# G# A# B#
    G#M: G# A# B# C# D# E# Fx
    D#M: D# E# Fx G# A# B# Cx
    A#M: A# B# Cx D# E# Fx Gx
    E#M: E# Fx Gx A# B# Cx Dx
    B#M: B# Cx Dx E# Fx Gx Ax
    (x = double sharp)
    FxM: Fx Gx Ax B# Cx Dx Ex
    CxM: Cx Dx Ex Fx Gx Ax Bx
    GxM: Gx Cbb Dbb Cx Fbb Gbb Abb
    DxM/FbbM: Fbb Gbb Abb Gx Cbb Dbb Ebb
    AxM/CbbM: Cbb Dbb Ebb Fbb Gbb Abb Bbb
    ExM/GbbM: Gbb Abb Bbb Cbb Dbb Ebb Fb
    BxM/DbbM: Dbb Ebb Fb Gbb Abb Bbb Cb
    AbbM: Abb Bbb Cb Dbb Ebb Fb Gb
    EbbM: Ebb Fb Gb Abb Bbb Cb Db
    BbbM: Bbb Cb Db Ebb Fb Gb Ab
    FbM: Fb Gb Ab Bbb Cb Db Eb
    CbM: Cb Db Eb Fb Gb Ab Bb
    GbM: Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F
    DbM: Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C
    AbM: Ab Bb C Db Eb F G
    EbM: Eb F G Ab Bb C D
    BbM: Bb C D Eb F G A
    FM: F G A Bb C D E
    And back to
    CM: C D E F G A B

    Simple, right? 😛

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      I don’t know of any good resources for that. I generally stick to traditional western music. 🙂

  338. Sean Wilson

    Your circle of fifths is missing Eb Major…

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yeah, I made this when I was first learning video editing, so there are some errors. One day I will be remaking the whole thing with my new skills. 🙂

    2. Sean Wilson

      I’ve noticed many small errors in the video, such as some chords not being played, or circling things out of order that you’re trying to show, but it doesn’t detract from your lecture in whole.

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Shoot, you are right. Too late now.

  339. PeanutButterandShely

    Thank you, that was very well done.

  340. Scott Free

    At 57:48 You Forgot Eb

    Eb Comes After Bb Not Ab

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Can you update the time stamp? There are none of the notes your are referring to at 57:48.

  341. Random Guy

    Only about 1/5th into the video, and I can see this’ll help me when I’m composing already. I didn’t even know melodic minor goes down as natural minor. Thanks for the video, I didn’t know a lot about music theory before I found this

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are most welcome! 🙂 Music Theory is powerful.

  342. rakesh sharma

    Music theory is important but it cant teach you how to play any instruments or how to compose

    1. Jack Jack

      rakesh sharma What do you mean it can’t teach you to compose. Of course it can. When you understand the relationship between all the aspects of music, you can learn to compose properly, instead of just makin’ up sounds ’til one sounds good.

    2. Justin Brown

      Yeah. And?

    3. Dr. Florence

      If you don’t know much theory, then no, you don’t understand your instrument to a high extent. The fact that you call it bullshit is just portraying your ignorance and stubbornness. Once you start grasping concepts in music theory and how to apply it to your instruments, so many doors will open instantly.

    4. ShaineJams :3

      Yeah honestly I understand my guitar just fine until I start trying to memorize all this made-up nomenclature bullshit….

    5. The Sloth Charmer

      rakesh sharma Duh. That’s like saying learning how to read and write won’t teach you how to be an author

  343. TheTechnicalNirl

    Wall of text incoming, but the gist is a ‘thank you for the video’ and my story.

    I’ve always wanted to learn how music works, as it has been an integral part of my life since my parents put headphones up to my mom’s belly when she was pregnant (cheesy, I know, but hey, two years later a bit of Mozart with those same headphones completely covering the sides of my head still managed to make me sit still for half an hour). My dad sings in a university choir, and plays (well, fiddles with) the banjo. And I have always had a guitar at home. Yet I could never really learn how music works (he’s not a very good teacher, bless him). I went as far as buying a textbook a few years ago, but it delved into pretty complex musical theory stuff fairly soon. Or, better said, it just became too complex for me, not having any tutors walking me through the steps. Thinking about it, I got lost with it even before I got to the parts you explain in this video.
    YouTube is also just full of ‘learn to play the guitar’ videos that start off with ‘here’s how you do an A minor chord, it’s so easy, look!’. I really think these people should be ashamed of the titles they put on their videos. They are teaching nothing. It was only a few weeks ago that I stumbled across one Steve Stine here on the platform, who actually managed to explain the fundamentals to me, and now I’m seeing you go a little more deeply into it, but still in an idiot-proof manner. So now I’ve started what I’m hoping will be a life-long journey. 30 minutes a day, for now entirely spent understanding and memorizing scales. Now I can pick up the guitar and practice, because I have some knowledge of WHY things are how they are. And when I forget, I’ll be sure to come back to your video for a quick refresher. My brain does not allow me to ‘just learn as you go’. And there are others like me. So in the name of all those people, as stated in the disclaimer up top, thank you very much for the video. It was clearly a whole lot of work.

    1. Takagi-san Jozu

      Never been tired while readin this whole thing, thanks for sharing your experience! 🙂

    2. John D. Avery

      El Viral, as a retired professional multi-instrumentalist, I think I can safely say that Ross developed this video for the benefit of those guitarists who can’t read music but who nonetheless want to increase their understanding of music theory.

      No, he didn’t explain what a half-note is and he didn’t get into music history. But he also didn’t explain a host of other topics that, although part and parcel of music theory, have more to do with how to interpret written music than with understanding how scales, intervals, chords, and modes are actually constructed. That a viewer stumbling across this video might be a rank beginner who doesn’t even know what half-notes or scales are is in no way the presenter’s fault.

      As for “this guy” not “know[ing] what he is talking about,” Ross actually did a very good job of providing brief overviews of increasingly complex topics and he did it without writing a single note in standard notation or resorting to tablature. My hat’s off to him.

    3. Nicholas Elliott

      El Viral if you haven’t found anything yet there is a channel called “move forward guitar”. I would say that is by far the most systematic group of lessons. Detailed lessons that are very easy to comprehend. There arme so many things to learn. It takes quite awhile to retain some info. Good luck

    4. El Viral

      About “idio proof manner”. I can’t watch this. Can you recommend someone who knows what he is talking about and does it in a systematic logical way? This guy starts to talk about scales without even introducing to what is a note and half note, why are there different scales, no system, no logic, no history. I could read same things in Wikipedia and understand same thing (or nothing in this case). Thx fo the video anyway, at least someone is trying.

  344. Ke Yu

    can this video or the book make me excel in abrsm grade 5

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      It can help. This video is intended to give you the toolset to be able to decode your music as you play it. BUT, it is no guarantee. You have to be sharp, and you have to use it. 🙂

  345. Henry v Zyl

    Hi Ross, I have been playing guitar for 5 years but never had formal training. Previous sources of online music theory introductions have been too boring for me to maintain focus, this however was presented at a good pace and with very clear explanations and I have finally begun my journey to better understanding music theory, thank you.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are most welcome my friend!


    Did you covered all the topic related to music theory or there are more?
    And I missed how to harmonize melody.
    Nice video, Thanks. I’m gonna purchase that book

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Thanks for the question! There are more topics to cover in music theory, this video and the book give you the logical tools to figure it all out. 🙂

  347. Vasu Bansal

    Hey what’s the music in the beginning of the video?
    It’s played in Tom and Jerry(a beach episode) and I have been trying so hard to find it :p

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Here is the video of my performance of the piece. 🙂

  348. Jori Parson

    so with guitar if you were playing in the key of c major, you can use any chord that has its note in the c major scale and it would be in the same key?

    1. John D. Avery

      Colin Kirkpatrick – You’re very welcome. You might want to re-read my reply, though: there was a mistake in it that I didn’t notice until after I posted it. I’ve since edited it.

    2. Colin Kirkpatrick

      John D. Avery thank you very much for the message. I struggle with music theory. At first it seemed like a black art, but I’m slowly getting it. Once again, thanks for your explanation

    3. John D. Avery

      Colin Kirkpatrick – B half-diminished is a 7th chord consisting of B, D, F, and A, or root, b3, b5, and b7. The first three are a minor 3rd apart from one another starting from the root and form the Bdim triad. The A is the minor 7 (b7) of the B major scale.

      Just to clarify, the sequence that Ross provided is for triads, not 7th chords. The order of triads in a major scale is Major, minor, minor, Major, Major, minor, diminished. The order of 7ths in a major scale is M7, m7, m7, M7, Dominant 7, m7, half-diminished. It’s called “half-diminished” because the 7th in a dim7 chord is also a minor 3rd away from the 5th. E.g., Bdim7 = B, D, F, and Ab. Since the Ab in Bdim7 is a semi-tone flatter than the m7 (b7) A, a dim7 chord is made up of the chord root, b3, b5, and bb7 (double flat 7).

      I hope this answers your question.

    4. Colin Kirkpatrick

      b half diminished?

    5. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome! Music Theory is very empowering, and you are taking a really important step forward in your musical journey. 🙂 Thanks for subbing!

  349. 44GG

    Waaaaay toooo sloooow

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Sorry that it did not entertain you. 🙂 But, for my purposes, this video is for education not entertainment.

  350. Christian Boiser

    thank you sir. for this awesome lesson.. for me who don’t have a perfect pitch, taking the music in a logical manner would be the best way to improve in music..

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Much appreciated my brother. 🙂 It is on sale here, and you can use the coupon code “freeshipping” for free shipping. 🙂

    2. Christian Boiser

      Also i will order you book this end of the month 🙂

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome. Your profile pic is awesome!

  351. Laurence Vanhelsuwe

    A student who does not know this material already is completely lost at around 5:00 … let alone the remaining 55 minutes. Music theory cannot be taught in one hour.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Sorry you are lost. 🙁 This video give a rough understanding in one hour, only a fool thinks they can master music theory in one hour. I have a video response on my channel to that. You questions are warmly welcome here in the comments section. 🙂

  352. Baerno

    I’m half way through hour 6 of this one hour lesson, and all that is sticking in my head so far is that modes with the proper sharp seem to be based on the Gmaj scale… That would make me diminished, wouldn’t it?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Bingo my friend. 🙂 Their purpose is simple: To give a different feel. Also, you can think of it as being the same pattern, BUT a different tonal center. 🙂

    2. Baerno

      OK, I think a little more understanding might have crept in on me. So modes are basically alternate starting positions of any scale, right? Not sure of the reason for them still, but I’ve been working on the 14 scale positions thing, and been playing them from different points in the scale. made me realize even though it sounds different, it’s still the same scale and identifiable as such because of the notes in the scale , yes?

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      No its just indicative of a “suspended” understanding. 😉 Keep going, the right notes show up with both study and play, and it is rare for anyone to fully master this stuff in a day, week or year.

  353. Adrián Ortega

    Hi! Just bought your book in Amazon, can’t find Chapter 12. Within the book. Please help! Another question: Where can I find the exercises for chapter 2?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Hi adrian! Please send me an e-mail (listed on my channel) and I will send you the workbook. Regarding CH. 12, the chapter was removed, but apparently not from the table of contents! There was not really much to say in that chapter without writing an entire second book.

  354. James Morrow

    This is interesting

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Why thanks. 🙂 Let me know if you have any questions.

  355. Truth Seeker

    I don’t understand a word.. literally!

    1. 2phalanges

      u need a college degree to understand this.

    2. Kyle Kwartel

      Keep it up! Once you get a basic understanding of music theory it really becomes much easier.

    3. No Name

      I’m trying, too. When you say step my dumb mind imagines a literal step. Like one made of concrete :/

    4. Negative Zer0

      It’s no use… he won’t understand

    5. Voodoo 341

      Learning sheet music (which is pretty easy) and checking out some videos that go more in depth into specific topics discussed in this video would help

  356. Julian Campbell

    “Scales are easy! One is WHWHWHWHWWW and the other is HWHWHWWWHH. What could be simpler than that?”

    1. Agua414

      Im pretty sure thats just the written transcription of kirk hammets Wah effects

    2. The Tinker

      I learned. Waffle waffle house waffle waffle waffle house

    3. Hello son it's me daddy

      Better learn triad man

    4. Ashley Morrison

      dude…..that’s literally like the easiest part of music

    5. Arata Tarata

      Ondřej Havlíček This video is meant to be an overview so it skips the reason behind things. I think other online resources should be used when watching this video 😀

  357. classic music artists

    thank you thank you thank you so much

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome!

  358. Samarth Dora

    What’s a whole step and a half step?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      A half step is equal to one letter in the chromatic alphabet, either forward or backwards. A whole step is equal to two. 🙂 Cheers!

  359. Dustin M

    This is really good Ross!! Thank you!

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome brother!

  360. Yer Bum


    No but seriously I know music theory and I actually regret it. I think it can be kind of limiting and it can keep you from relying on your ear.

    You do NOT need to know music theory to be a good musician. Just listen to lots of music and make lots of music that’s the only thing that will really help you.

    1. WolfBoy

      the-monster Are you new to the internet?

    2. Diamonz

      “Just listen to lots of music and make lots of music that’s the only thing that will really help you.” this is the greatest advice honestly…experience is the best teacher…PERIOD!

    3. Clarence Alfonso

      Yer Bum lmao Coldplay best songwriters ever?

    4. the-monster

      good to hear. it’s hard to detect sarcasm over text sometimes.

    5. Jr Reyes

      +the-monster g-sus! Of course I was kidding. I was hoping the first person was only kidding, too. But it doesn’t seem like they were.

  361. Mudge07

    New to this way of learning, and I’m enjoying the pace and the simplicity of the presentation method. A presenter and indeed a colourful display would both detract and distract from the elementary information being discussed. At over an hour in length take it in the generally recommended 20 minute bite-sized chunks. Whichever instrument you work with try and apply it, or even listen to a musical work and see if you can pick out the key signature. I’ll finish watching the whole stream before taking up one of the many offers to read the book. Even as a sampler piece it’s one of those to put in your toolbox and periodically refresh your approach.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Thanks for the kind words! Yes, this video is definitely a tool. Watching it does not mean that you will have mastered music, but it is a great way to get a really good big picture so that you can venture into the details yourself. 🙂 Cheers!

  362. Ann Onymous

    advert pretending to be content. disliked.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Haha, forget the entire hour of content. Just because I advertise my book does not mean it is IS an advertisement. The entire book is covered in this video, which I have given for free. 10 minutes of ads in a 1 hour video. Boohoo, go do something productive yourself and then come talk to me.

  363. Nithya L P

    there is no minor 2 nd?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      There are absolutely minor 2nds. Keep watching. 🙂

  364. zikai lin

    why are there 2 perfect interval in between the minor and the major intervals?

    1. zikai lin

      Thanks! Your awesome 😀

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      3rds are either major or minor. More rarely, they can be diminished and augmented. 🙂

    3. zikai lin

      do u meant that you can call them both major 3rd and perfect third
      last question XD

    4. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yes. And it is, actually. 🙂 Generally referred to as the perfect octave.

    5. zikai lin

      😮 but what about when you invert the first degree, isn’t that suppose to be a perfect too?

  365. James Tan

    Terrible …if you can follow him you already know what he’s teaching . For the rest…it’s just teaching for the sake of teaching …Better memorising the tine tables

    1. sarah t.

      James Tan I disagree. I was only vaguely familiar with music theory thanks to choir class and upon finding this video I sat down with pen and paper, watched and listened to his instruction and took notes. It just clicked I learned it all very quickly he was fantastic at explaining. I will be purchasing his book for sure. I feel much more comfortable with music just from this video alone. I cannot wait to apply this to guitar

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Yeah me putting up an entire hour lecture on music theory, animating and making it super easy to understand is just terrible. Notice 6k likes and only 163 dislikes. Perhaps you need to work on your ability to pay attention?

  366. Juliette Jemm

    Got seriously lost towards the end >-< but thank you

    1. Dylano Vandekerckhove

      Me too i don’t understand the Tritone thing

    2. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      You are very welcome! Just let it sink in. 🙂

  367. swathi Sekaran

    awesome thank u soooo much….

  368. Luc

    Hey Ross, great video, I watched it from start to finish, taking notes as I watched it, you explain everything very well.

    Now I’m wondering where to go from here, I started playing bass in a band and have difficulties knowing what exactly I can play when. Also, I’ve started composing music, (guitars bass and drums) but I just wing it and do everything by ear, trying things out using no music theory at all, I think more videos like this would be helpful. Are there any other videos you would suggest I watch to further improve the 2 things I mentioned?thx


    Hai nice lesson theory 🙂
    Love from Malaysia <3

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Why thank you!

  370. Robert Burr

    I’m hooked in the best sense of the word hooked. It’s good to be caught in some cases.

  371. nytom4info

    Theory is where I lose my students…they just want to play! 😉

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      That is the very reason I made this video. 🙂 So they could go home and work on this stuff, and we could focus on playing in the lesson.

  372. RobotSexMusic

    You sir are a HERO. Will be buying your book to support and dissecting the hell out of both so I can finally be one with the theory.

    1. Nini Fire

      RobotSexMusic “one with the theory” I love it!

    2. Its Logobro

      Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher I am 12 so I can’t buy the book. I am a guitarist. But this video is amazing

    3. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Why thank you! I am super happy to help. 🙂

  373. Christo Reeds

    Learn music theory in one hour?? You must be kidding right?

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      This video does not act as a single pill to master music theory in an hour. Multiple people have brought up this objection, and I understand where you come from. I, however, have a video explanation of my response here: I am totally on your side and just want to spread knowledge. 🙂

  374. Victor Arnett

    READ THIS IF YOU DON’T WANNA BE CONFUSED….follow as much of this as you can…or any online lesson. When you get stuck buy a month of lessons in person. Here it is $50. Then go back to online lessons. I bet with 3 or 4 months of lessons, maybe less, you will clear up those few things that are confusing you. Just don’t be cheap and expect everything for free because you can’t ask a video questions.

    1. Ross the Music and Guitar Teacher

      Totally agreed. A teacher makes all the difference, and adds a depth to the process you can’t get from videos.